Some new genera of Paleozoic calcareous sponges
Read Online

Some new genera of Paleozoic calcareous sponges

  • 780 Want to read
  • ·
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by University of Kansas in Lawrence .
Written in English


  • Calcarea

Book details:

Edition Notes


The Physical Object
Pagination9 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22033329M

Download Some new genera of Paleozoic calcareous sponges


Paleozoic sponges show many of the classic evolutionary patterns documented in other fossil groups, even though the sponge record is limited (Fig. 1). For example, shifts from thin-walled to thick-walled skeletons show well in both calcareous Heteractinida and in siliceous Demospongea. Increasing skeletal complexity also shows well in both by: Calcareous sponge, any of a class (Calcarea) of sponges characterized by skeletons composed entirely of calcium carbonate spicules (needlelike structures). Calcareous sponges occur mainly on the rocky bottoms of the continental shelves in temperate, shallow waters; they are usually dull in colour. The calcareous sponges or calc sponges of class Calcarea are members of the animal phylum Porifera, the cellular are characterized by spicules made out of calcium carbonate in the form of calcite or the spicules in most species have three points, in some species they have either two or four : Calcarea, Bowerbank, Abstract. Calcarea Bowerbank (Porifera) includes sponges having a mineral skeleton composed entirely of calcium carbonate, consisting of free, rarely linked or cemented, di-, tri-, tetra- and/or polyactinal spicules, sometimes with a solid basal calcitic skeleton, and Cited by:

Features: some have three- or four-pointed silica spicules. CALCAREOUS SPONGES. Sponges are classified by their spicules, the pointed structures that make up a sponge’s framework. In a calcareous sponge these are made of calcium. There are about species of calcareous sponge. Paleozoic Era, also spelled Palaeozoic, major interval of geologic time that began million years ago with the Cambrian explosion, an extraordinary diversification of marine animals, and ended about million years ago with the end-Permian extinction, the greatest extinction event in Earth history. The major divisions of the Paleozoic Era, from oldest to youngest, are the Cambrian ( This book is an up-to-date synthesis of the subject in the form of a comprehensive introduction. It incorporates the large body of new information on calcareous algae which has resulted from the significant advances in carbonate sedimentology during the last twenty years.5/5(1). Photographed by Michael P. Klimetz. Diagonella sp. Cambrian.

Recent and Mesozoic genera / C. Levi --Evolution of Paleozoic heteractinid calcareous sponges and demosponges --patterns and records / J.K. Rigby --The fossil record of the haplosclerid excavating sponge Aka de Laubenfels / J. Reitner and H. Keupp --Renewed study of the type material of Palaeospongilla chubutensis Ott and Volkheimer () / C. Carter HJ () On Teichonia, a new family of calcareous sponges with description of two species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 2: 35– doi: / Paleozoic Invertebrates • Representatives of most major invertebrate phyla were present during Paleozoic, including sponges, corals, bryozoans, brachiopods, mollusks, arthropods, and echinoderms. • Almost all of the common invertebrate phyla in existence today had appeared by Size: 4MB. The Cambrian spanned from to million years ago and is the first period of the Paleozoic era of the Phanerozoic. The Cambrian marked a boom in evolution in an event known as the Cambrian explosion in which the largest number of creatures evolved in any single period of the history of the Earth. Creatures like algae evolved, but the most ubiquitous of that period were the armored.